The U.S. and Singapore Water Tap Comparison
In a worldwide press release concurrent with this article,
R&D Tax Savers released its five part Water Tap R&D
Tax Credit article series including Water Analytics,
Water Recycling, Desalination, Advanced
Water Technologies, and The U.S. and
Singapore Water Tap Comparison.
• In our Water
Analytics article, we discuss how big data can address
water systems. This article brings to bare the particular U.S.
expertise in big data and predictive analytics.
• In our Water
Recycling article, we focus on the technologies behind
recycling used water and sewage back into usable, potable
water for industry/drinking
• In our Advanced
Water Technologies article, we take a look at several
technologies that are transforming how we collect, produce,
and recycle water.
• In our Desalination
article, we focus on the current and future trajectory of
water desalination as a technology to be further improved,
researched, and deployed.
• Finally, in the
within article we delve into the U.S./Singapore water
U.S. Water Taps
The U.S. Water
The United States faces serious water
shortages in multiple regions. Droughts in California and the
mid-west are especially prevalent. In 2013, California
recorded record low precipitation levels across the
state. Winter snowpack levels in the mountains were the
lowest on record in the last 100 years. In January 2014,
California cut allocations from its State Water Project to
zero percent. Water reservoirs dropped to dangerous
levels and volunteer workers went door to door offering
bottled water to residents.
In 2011, Texas and New Mexico saw the worst drought since the
dustbowl in the 1930’s. Severe heat waves brought
temperatures up over 100 degrees for forty days straight in
Dallas. In New Mexico the drought lasted into 2014 and
is still a serious concern. The time is right to take
serious action and implement plans beyond simple conservation.
The U.S. should look towards Singapore, an innovative country
with more experience in dealing with the issue.
The four Singapore water taps are
presented as follows:
The Four Singapore Water Taps
Singapore is a sophisticated nation that confronts severe
fresh water shortage issues using a diversified approach based
on four action items it calls the "4 Taps". The U.S. can
benefit from Singapore's demonstrated ways of dealing with
water issues. The 5 U.S. water tap articles featured in this
series were inspired by Singapore's innovative 4 tap water
The four taps of Singapore involve innovative water solutions
based on the following four strategies:
Catchment in Singapore is important because the surface area
of the country doesn't allow for easy or simple collection
points. Importing of water from nearby Malaysia understandably
creates issues of economy, independence and security, and for
this reason Singapore is leveraging its NEWater and
desalination efforts to manage and limit the water it needs to
import and compensate for the water it cannot catch naturally.
Singapore accomplishes its short and long term Water supply
goals through fostering and realization of research and
development, policy, and innovation.
The four water-tap strategies all have a central focus on
innovative technology. Similarly, in the U.S., the solution
lies in innovative technologies. Federal and State
Research and Development tax credits are available to support
the costs of this innovation.
- Collecting water from local
- Importing water from Malaysia
- Recycled water in NEWater - a
reverse osmosis water cycle cutting program; and
The U.S. Research
& Development Tax Credit
Enacted in 1981, the U.S. Federal Research
and Development (R&D) Tax Credit allows a credit of up to
13 percent of eligible spending for new and improved products
and processes. Qualified research must meet the following four
Eligible costs include employee wages, cost of supplies, cost
of testing, contract research expenses, and costs associated
with developing a patent. On December 19, 2014, President
Obama signed the bill extending the R&D Tax Credit for the
2014 tax year.
- New or improved products,
processes, or software
- Technological in nature
- Elimination of uncertainty
- Process of experimentation
As previously mentioned, the U.S. faces
similar water shortages in several regions, which increasingly
brings attention to the issues associated with the amount of
water wasted through aging infrastructure, the current
policies in place regarding water use and conservation, the
current supplies and production of drinking water, and
environmental issues that threaten our water supplies. These
challenges have spurred some research into these issues, and
we have presented them in this article series as avenues for
further innovation and research and development.
These technologies are all areas of continuing improvement and
may qualify for Federal and state R&D tax credits. If the
U.S follows the example of the Singapore diversified solutions
initiative, it could accelerate the development of solutions
for our water dilemma and enable the U.S. to develop into a
leading water innovator.